Procedures and Memory Items

PIPER PA-18 Floats and Wheels

The below float plane procedures and memory items are a basic overview providing the “minimum expected knowledge” upon arrival and beginning of training. 

View more in-depth Procedures and instructional videos on our Amplified Procedures for Piper PA-18 page.

Before Leaving Dock or Beach
Where is the Wind?
What is the effect?
And Current?
Any Obstacles?
What is coming?

*PAX BRIEFING*
(See Amplified Procedures)

Before Starting Aircraft
Water Rudders – DOWN
Fuel – FULLEST TANK
Magnetos – ON
Mixture – RICH
Master – ON

Starting
Starter – Engage
Cold – 2 PUMPS while cranking
Hot – WAIT 6 REVS
(Do not exceed 800 RPM)
Then – IDLE
Carb Heat – ON

*SEAT BELTS ON AFTER
LEAVING BEACH OR DOCK.*

Run Up
Throttle – 1700 RPM
Magnetos – CHECK (100 Max Drop)
Carburetor Heat – Check
Throttle – IDLE
Altimeter – SET (500’ at Trail
Lake)

Take Off
F uel – FULLEST TANK
F laps – SET
C arb Heat – OFF
A rea – CLEAR (Important!)
R Water Rudders – UP
S tick BACK
T hrottle – FULL

After Take Off
Positive Rate – FLAPS UP
Air Speed – 75 MPH
Power – 2500 RPM
Trim – SET

Cruise
Pitch – LEVEL
Power – 2400 RPM
Trim – SET

Before Landing
Carburetor Heat – ON
Power – REDUCE
Flaps – BELOW 80 – ONE NOTCH
Fuel – FULLEST
Water Rudders – UP
Lake – INSPECT

After Landing
Touchdown  Shutdown
Let it Slide – Maintain Attitude
As Nose comes up – Stick Back
Rudder – Down
Flaps – Up

Land and Maintain the Step
Touchdown – Shutdown
Let it Slide – Maintain Attitude
Power Up
Stabilize
Flaps Up

Step Taxi
Fuel – FULLEST
Flaps – none
Carburetor Heat – COLD
Area – CLEAR (Important!)
Water Rudders – UP
Stick – BACK
Power – FULL
Over Hump Reduce – 1900 RPM
Tune for the Step – Attitude

Sailing
Water Rudders – UP
Stick in direction you want to go
Rudder Opposite

Shutdown
Mixture – IDLE CUT OFF
Master – OFF
Radio Master – Off
Magnetos – OFF

Emergencies

Engine Failure in Flight
SIMULTANEOUSLY
PITCH DOWN, POINT TO
TOUCHDOWN LOCATION
Fuel Switch – ON
Mixture – RICH
Carburetor Heat – ON
Magnetos – CHECK
Primer – CHECKED LOCKED

Engine Fire in Flight
Fuel Selector – OFF
Mixture – IDLE CUT OFF
Heater – OFF
Slip away from flames

Electrical Fire in Flight
Master – OFF
Ventilate the cabin
If smoke stops, and there are no flames, Land as soon as Practicable.

If smoke or flames continue, Land Immediately

USE CARBURETOR HEAT
ANYTIME INDICATION OF
CARBURETOR ICING OR
VISIBLE MOISTURE EXISTS.

STICK BACK AT ALL
TIMES WHEN PROP IS
TURNING TO PREVENT
PROPELLER DAMAGE.

PIPER PA-18

Airspeed Limits & Capacities

Float Plane Tail Wheel
Maneuvering 94 MPH 96 MPH
Max Structural Cruise 110 MPH 121 MPH
Never Exceed Speed 138 MPH 153 MPH
Max Flap Extension Speed 80 MPH 85 MPH
Vx 45 MPH (Full Flaps) 45 MPH
Vy 75 MPH 75 MPH
Best Glide Speed 70 MPH 70 MPH
Max Fuel Capacity 36 Gallons
Max Oil Capacity 8 Quarts
Minimum Oil Capacity 4 Quarts

QUICK EMERGENCY CHECKLIST

GasSwitch Tanks
MixtureMixture Rich, Carb Heat On, Primer Checked Locked
MagnetosSwitch Mags To Determine If One Has Failed
Fuel SwitchesON (A/C Equipped with Fuel Boost Pumps)